How Iowa Cared for Orphans of her Soldiers of the Civil War, by George Gallarno, ca. 1925

Collection Overview

Title: How Iowa Cared for Orphans of her Soldiers of the Civil War, by George Gallarno, ca. 1925

Record Series: 00/03/07

Creator: George Gallarno

Date: ca. 1925

Extent: 0.209 linear feet, 1 box, 2 folders

Repository: Special Collections and University Archives, Rod Library, University of Northern Iowa.

Language: This material is entirely in English

Access and Use

Accessing the Collection:

There are no restrictions on the use of this material.

Preferred Citation: How Iowa Cared for Orphans of her Soldiers of the Civil War, by George Gallarno, ca. 1925, Archives Record Series 00/03/07, University Archives, Rod Library, University of Northern Iowa

General Use, Reproduction, and Copyright Policies

Many items housed in the Rod Library Special Collections & University Archives, including unpublished images and manuscripts, may be protected by copyright, publication rights, trademarks, or model release rights which the library does not own and for which the library cannot grant permission or licensing. Materials currently under copyright are usually still available for research and limited reproduction under Fair Use laws. However, it is the sole responsibility of the patron to determine whether or not their use of a given material falls within Fair Use guidelines and to obtain permission for said use from the rightful copyright owner. If you are unsure where to begin, please consult the Copyright LibGuide. Please note that it is not the library's responsibility to locate or contact copyright holders for a patron, and neither the library nor library employees are responsible for copyright violations of the materials to which they facilitate research access. Please see our full General Use and Service Policies for more information.

Scope and Content

These papers are photocopies of typescripts of correspondence and a manuscript narrative.  The ten letters in the correspondence were probably originally written by hand and then later typed.  The 28-page typescript of the narrative was written in about 1925.  The location and exact provenance of the original correspondence and narrative are unknown.  Mark Albright donated the photocopies to the University Archives in about 2004. 

This series consists of two related parts.  The first part consists of photocopies of typed correspondence between George Gallarno and his wife, Nancy O'Roke Gallarno.  The Gallarno family was living in Big Creek Township near La Porte City, Iowa, when George Gallarno enlisted in the US Army on January 13, 1864.  He served in the 3rd Iowa Light Artillery Battery until his death of typhoid fever in Little Rock, Arkansas, on September 22, 1864.  This correspondence covers military life and family business matters.  There are also two letters from a fellow soldier concerning George Gallarno's death and back pay.  And there is an undated obituary for Nancy Gallarno.

The second part of this series consists of a history of the Iowa Soldiers' Orphans' Home written by a son of George Gallarno, also named George.  After the senior George Gallarno died, his widow, Nancy, attempted to keep the family of five children together.  But she could not.  When the Orphans' Home opened in Cedar Falls, initially in a building downtown on Main Street, the children were enrolled there.  The younger George Gallarno was seven years old when he entered the Orphans' Home in 1866.  He stayed there until he was sixteen.  In about 1925 he wrote an account of his life in the Home.  He begins with a brief history of the Civil War orphans' home movement in Iowa.  But most of his account is a detailed explanation of life in the Cedar Falls Home, especially after operations moved to the building later known as Central Hall on what would eventually become the campus of the University of Northern Iowa.  He describes the food, clothing, and school curriculum in great detail.  He talks about outstanding teachers and administrators.  He recounts adventures with classmates and the lessons learned from them.

This is one of the very best accounts of life in the Orphans' Home in Cedar Falls.


BOX 1:

Folder 1: The correspondence

Folder 2: The manuscript

Processing Information

Collection processed and finding aid prepared by University Archivist Gerald L. Peterson, October 2005; modified, June 18, 2013 (GP). Updated by Library Associate Dave Hoing, October 2017 and again in February 2018. Linear feet updated July 31, 2017.

Rod Building
About Us
My Account
Ask Us!
Site Search
Floor Maps
Staff List